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Bierce, Ambrose  

Molly McQuade

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Ambrose Bierce, an ironist whose choice of genre roved from predatorially sardonic verse to artfully detached war writing, was born Ambrose Gwinett Bierce on 24 June 1842, in the Ohio ... More

Bishop, Elizabeth  

Tyler Hoffman

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Elizabeth Bishop is one of the most original lyric voices of the twentieth century, standing with such other American poets as Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, and Marianne Moore, who was ... More

Black Arts Movement  

William R. Nash

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The term “Black Arts Movement” describes a set of attitudes, influential from 1965 to 1976, about African-American cultural production, which assumed that political activism was a primary ... More

Black Mountain Poetry  

Lacy Schutz

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
In 1960 the poet Donald M. Allen published an anthology titled The New American Poetry. Just three years earlier, the poets Donald Hall, Robert Pack, and Louis Simpson had edited New Poets ... More

Book History in Finland  

Tuija Laine and Kirsti Salmi-Niklander

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Bradstreet, Anne  

Daniel G. Brayton

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Anne Bradstreet has long been the best-known English-language woman poet of the seventeenth century and one of the most famous early American literary figures. While numerous women writers ... More

British Detective Fiction in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries  

Anne Humpherys

From ancient Greece on, fictional narratives have entailed deciphering mystery. Sophocles’ Oedipus must solve the mystery of the plague decimating Thebes; the play is a dramatization of ... More

Brodkey, Harold  

Philip Bufithis

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
If we accept the well-known distinction that literary fiction is character driven and commercial fiction is plot driven, then the work of Harold Brodkey is the most literary American ... More

Brooks, Gwendolyn  

William R. Nash

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet, novelist, activist, and teacher, stands out for her social engagement, her professional generosity, and her literary accomplishment. In a career that ... More

Bukowski, Charles  

Mark Conway

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Charles Bukowski fought, drank, and tirelessly wrote his way to international renown by defining a new American outsider poetry. A self-mythologizing and ingenious promoter, Bukowski was ... More

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